What You Should Know About Acne Scars
What Causes Acne Scars? When oil and dead, flaky skin cells begin to clog up the pores of the skin, the conditions for acne are ripe. Acne is a skin condition, medically referred to as acne vulgaris. The term acne can refer to different manifestations of the condition. Pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, blemishes, red spots are all forms of acne. In general, acne can be found on the face, neck, chest, or the back. The facial area is especially prone to acne because many people have oily skin in that area, especially during their adolescent years. The condition or outbreaks can be mild, with just a few blemishes showing, or it can be extreme, covering an entire area, making the skin painful with acne-like cysts.
When acne becomes inflamed, forming a pustule or cyst, the pore being clogged swells and fills with the excess oils, dead skin cells and bacteria can fester. This swelling causes the wall of the follicle to break. When that breakage occurs deep in the dermal layer, the skin tissue is destroyed and a scar forms over it. The scarring is a result of new collagen forming over the damaged area in order to fix the skin’s tissues. However, perfect results are not always seen with this internal repair. If there is a loss of tissue, a depressed area can be seen on the skin’s surface.
Social Effects of Acne Scarring
Most cases of extreme acne are seen in teenagers or young adults. The effects of acne can be socially and psychologically devastating to some people, especially in this age group. When scars result from acne, the result can be somewhat traumatic. It can lead to becoming socially inhibited, can create poor self-esteem due to image issues, and will create overall anxiety due to the way the person perceives how he or she looks. Treatment Options
One does not have to live with acne scars forever. There are treatment options available. One such treatment is laser acne scar treatment. This is effective, but it is quite expensive. There are different types of lasers used: for instance, non-ablative lasers do not remove the epidermal layer and are safe to use. Pulse dye lasers can also remove the redness on acne scars. Fractionated lasers will remodel the scarred depression.
Acne scar creams can also be useful in acne scarring. A cream with cortisone can reduce inflammation and reduce the redness of the scar. Next, a cream for whitening hyperpigmentation issues can be used on the scar that is still visible. These over-the-counter lightening creams can make the scar look more natural but they can do nothing to build up any indentations on the skin.
Another good treatment for scars is using a dermal filler. These fillers will puff up the area of the indented scars, similar to the way they are used to fill in wrinkles. These fillers come in many forms such as various types of collagen, hyaluronic acid, fat cells, calcium hydroxylapatite, polymers and microscopic plastic beads.