The botanical ingredients in cosmetics
Inflammation response is a common skin condition. There are many plants have bactericidal and anti-inflammatory effects, for example: Licorice’s active ingredients can anti-inflammatory, prevent hands and feet chapped and frostbited, promote other active ingredients penetrated and absorbed by the skin; alkaloids of leonurus have good effect on kill and inhibit various bacteria, fungi.
Sensitive skin is a highly sensitive skin condition, easily stimulated by various factors to arise tingling, burning, tightness, itching and other symptoms. Centella asiatica extract, its chemical composition including triterpenoids, volatile oils, various trace elements, polysaccharides, amino acids, etc., can inhibit a variety of inflammatory mediators, reduce inflammation, increase skin hydration, more used in soothing cosmetics; Chamomile extract has more than 100 kinds of ingredients, its active ingredients in capitulum have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant effect, can improve the skin’s sensitivity to hot and cold stimuli. In addition, aloe vera extract is also one of the plant extracts widely used as skin soothing agents.
Plant extracts is also have significant effect on the hair care, the main ingredient of cosmetics – sea buckthorn oil, which have the functions of removing free radicals, reducing lipofuscin content and antioxidant, etc. With good nutrition and protection effects on skin and scalp; olive oil as the essence of olive, because of it can moisturize and soft skin, in addition to being widely used in cosmetics, bath oil products, it was also used in hair care products.
In recent years, with the development of technology, in addition to aloe vera extract, tomato extract, there are more and more plant extracts used in cosmetics, of which grape seed, red pomegranate, avocado fruit (also known as avocado) extract are more popular.
Procyanidins from grape seed extract has strong antioxidant capacity, has the good reputation of “skin vitamin”, can protect collagen, improve skin elasticity and luster, has whitening, moisturizing, depigmenting effects. Because of pomegranate contains a lot of polyphenols and anthocyanins, it has high antioxidant activity, can effectively neutralize free radicals, promote metabolism, drain toxins, eliminate horny, also has noticeable whitening effect. Avocado oil is extracted from avocado fruits, rich in vitamin B2, has good permeability, can penetrate the skin epidermis, for dry skin has very good moisturizing effect, make the skin white, delicate and luster.
Although the plant extracts both have cosmetic effect and nutrition, health effects, but not all natural plants are gentle and safe. Some natural plant extracts because of their own toxicity is not clear, even some of them are the allergens can not be used as cosmetic raw material.
There are also some common plants will bring harm if not use technical means. The well-known aloe, some varieties of juice under the microscope showed a large amount of sharp crystals, directly use is easy to make the skin injuries and produce tingling, if entering from the skin wound will be easily lead to severe skin allergies; while the phototoxicity of citrus oils is almost as famous as its whitening effect. In addition, many plant extracts rich in nutrients, in application, if not take certain techniques to protect, it is vulnerable to be oxidative deterioration, resulting in skin irritation phenomenon.
Therefore, do not be too obsessed with natural plant ingredients. It is better to try out before purchased cosmetics containing plant ingredients, selected the suitable products for your skin is the most secure.